McLaren Racing Limited is a British motor racing team based at the McLaren Innovation Centre, Woking, Surrey, England. McLaren is best called a Formula One fabricator and likewise has a history of competing in American open wheel racing as both an entrant and a chassis fabricator, and has actually won the Canadian-American Obstacle Cup (Can-Am) sports car racing championship. The group is the 2nd earliest active, and 2nd most effective Solution One group after Ferrari, having actually won 182 races, Chauffeurs' Champions and 8 Fitters' Champions. The group is an entirely owned subsidiary of the McLaren Group. Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren, the team won its first Grand Prix at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix, but their biggest initial success was in Can-Am, which they dominated from 1967 to 1971. Additional American accomplishment followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren cars and trucks for Mark Donohue in 1972 and Johnny Rutherford in 1974 and 1976. After Bruce McLaren died in a testing accident in 1970, Teddy Mayer took over and led the team to their first Solution One Constructors' Championship in 1974, with Emerson Fittipaldi and James Hunt winning the Drivers' Champion in 1974 and 1976 respectively. The year 1974 likewise marked the start of a long-standing sponsorship by Phillip Morris' Marlboro cigarette brand.In 1981, McLaren combined with Ron Dennis' Job Four Racing; Dennis took over as team principal and soon after arranged a buyout of the original McLaren shareholders to take full control of the team. This started the group's most successful period: with Porsche and Honda engines, Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, and Ayrton Senna took in between them 7 Motorists' Champions and the group took 6 Fitters' Championships. The combination of Prost and Senna was especially dominant-- together they won all but one race in 1988-- however later on their rivalry soured and Prost left for Ferrari. Fellow English team Williams used the most consistent obstacle throughout this duration, the two winning every constructors' title between 1984 and 1994. Nevertheless, by the mid-1990s, Honda had actually withdrawn from Solution One, Senna had actually relocated to Williams, and the group went 3 seasons without a win. With Mercedes-Benz engines, West sponsorship, and previous Williams designer Adrian Newey, additional champions can be found in 1998 and 1999 with motorist Mika Häkkinen, and throughout the 2000s the team were consistent front-runners, chauffeur Lewis Hamilton taking their latest title in 2008. Ron Dennis retired as McLaren group principal in 2009, handing over to long period of time McLaren worker Martin Whitmarsh. However, at the end of 2013, after the team's worst season since 2004, Whitmarsh was ousted. McLaren announced in 2013 that they would be using Honda engines from 2015 onwards, replacing Mercedes-Benz.
The team raced as McLaren Honda for the first time since 1992 at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix. In September 2017, McLaren announced they had actually settled on an engine supply with Renault from 2018 to 2020. McLaren will return to utilize Mercedes-Benz engines 570s gt4 from the 2021 season until a minimum of 2024. After initially going back to the Indianapolis 500 in 2017 as a partner to Andretti Autosport to run Fernando Alonso, McLaren announced in August 2019 that they would run in combination with Arrow Schmidt Peterson Motorsports starting in 2020 to run the complete IndyCar Series, the combined entry being called Arrow McLaren SP. Bruce McLaren Motor Racing was founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren. Bruce was a works driver for the British Solution One team Cooper with whom he had actually won three Grands Prix and come 2nd in the 1960 World Championship. Wishing to compete in the Australasian Tasman Series, Bruce approached his companies, but when group owner Charles Cooper insisted on utilizing 1.5-litre Formula One-specification engines instead of the 2.5-litre motors permitted by the Tasman guidelines, Bruce decided to establish his own team to run him and his potential Formula One colleague Timmy Mayer with custom-made Cooper cars.